Bryological and Lichenological Section/ABLS
Glew, Katherine , Giblin, David , Gage, Sarah , Harpel, Judith , Pietsch, Ted , Joneson, Suzanne .
Report on the lichens and bryophytes from the IKIP and ISIP surveys in the Russian Far East.
POLITICALLY disputed by the Russians and Japanese for over one hundred years, the Kuril and Sakhalin islands were relatively isolated from biological study. Located on the eastern border of the Sea of Okhotsk, the islands tend to exhibit climates that are more north temperate and tundra-like than equivalent latitudes seen in North America and Europe. With the sea freezing in the winters, the flora and fauna reflect the cooler annual temperatures. In 1995, Ted Pietsch initiated an international collaboration, funded through NSF, to survey the biodiversity of the Kuril Islands and develop a database for the results (International Kuril Islands Project - IKIP). The project was further extended in 2001 to include Sakhalin Island (International Sakhalin Island Project - ISIP). Current threats to the biodiversity of the islands, especially Sakhalin, include deforestation and oil drilling. The Kuril Islands are volcanic in origin, contributing to the fog, toxic gases, and harsh conditions. Lichens and bryophytes were collected during the summers of 1995-2001 and 2003, as part of the International Kuril and Sakhalin Islands Projects. To date, over 16,000 collections were made from the islands. These collections are currently being curated, providing opportunities for specialists to assist with identification. Comparisons are being made with species distributions found in North America and northern Europe. Common macrolichen genera are Cladonias, Peltigeras and Parmeliods. This paper will provide a brief report on the cryptogamic results from the nine-year project.
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1 - University of Washington, Herbarium, Burke Museum, Box 355325, Seattle, Washington, 98195, USA
2 - University of Washington, School of Aquatic and Fishery Science, Box 355100, Seattle, Washington, 98195, USA
3 - Duke University, Department of Biology, 139 Biological Sciences Building, PO Box 90338, Durham, North Carolina, 27708, USA
Russian Far East
Presentation Type: Oral Paper:Papers for Sections
Date: Tuesday, August 1st, 2006
Time: 2:15 PM