Soni, Vineet .
Rapid ex-situ conservation method for Commiphora wightii - an endangered medicinal plant of the Thar Desert in India.
COMMIPHORA wightii (Arnott) Bhandari is an important medicinal plant of herbal heritage of India. It provides oleo gum resin which is extracted from the bark through a process called tapping. Sushruta Samhita (600 B.C.), a well-known Ayurvedic medical text, describes the usefulness of oleo gum resin in the treatment of a number of ailments, including obesity and disorders of lipid metabolism. Unfortunately the plant Commiphora wightii has become endangered because of its slow growing nature, poor seed setting, lack of cultivation, poor seed germination rate and excessive and unscientific tapping for its gum resin by the pharmaceutical industries and religious purposes.
Present investigation was taken up to establish a protocol for mass production of this highly important endangered medicinal plant species using embryo culture. Due to presence of polyembryony, 2-4 plants can rapidly propagate through one seed. The highest frequency of embryo germination was noticed when low concentration of GA3 (0.5 –1.0 mg/L) was incorporated in MS medium along with auxins (5.0 mg/L of 2, 4-D and 0.5 mg/L of IBA) and cytokinin (5.0 mg/L of KIN) with 3% sucrose. The rooted seedlings showed 100% field survival.
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1 - Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Applied Sciences, Department of Biotechnology and Botany, Shri Ram Ki Nangal, Opp. EPIP Gate, Vai: Vatika,, JECRC Campus, Sitapura,, Jaipur, Rajasthan, 303905, INDIA
Presentation Type: Oral Paper:Papers for Topics
Date: Tuesday, August 1st, 2006
Time: 4:15 PM